What Is The Temperature In Hawaii Today - The weather and climate of Hawaii can surprise visitors. In addition to lots of sunshine (of course!) there can also be lots of rain, especially during hurricane season!
The most common examples of weather patterns here on the Big Island are the fact that Hawaii has a hurricane season. The islands have both wet and dry sides, with some months having more rain than others.
What Is The Temperature In Hawaii Today
We provide information to help you understand these weather patterns. This will help you prepare for your trip to Hawaii by showing you what to expect from Hawaii weather. In this guide we discuss the following topics:
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The Hawaiian Islands are located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The nearest distance between Hawaii and the United States is 2,285 miles, while Japan is 3,850 miles away and Australia is 5,673 miles.
It is the only state that is completely surrounded by the sea. Almost half of the land of the Hawaiian Islands is within 5 miles of the coast! These facts have a major impact on Hawaii's climate.
Due to its proximity to the equator, the temperature is mild and the length of the day remains the same throughout the year. The dominant winds are from the east and northeast (the trade winds, explained here). Finally, due to the proximity to the sea and the many mountains (music) on the islands, you can expect a lot of differences in rainfall in the distance and the rarity of strong storms.
Just kidding! We refer to the two seasons here as summer and winter, omitting spring and fall. The summer season is also known as the "rainy season" and the winter season as the "rainy season". The main difference between these seasons is the amount of rain, with most of the rain falling in the winter months.
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The summer season falls between May and October. During summer, the maximum daytime temperature at sea level is usually between 85–90°F (29–32°C). The Hawaiian winter falls between October and April, with high daytime temperatures between 79–83 °F (26–28 °C). At lower elevations, temperatures rarely rise above 90°F (32°C) or fall below 65°F (18°C).
This stable and pleasant climate is due to the temperature of the sea. The water on Hawaii varies between 77°F (25°C) and 83°F (28°C), throughout the year, so the air is not too cold.
Average annual air temperature for the island of Hawaii. Image credit: Giambelluca, T.W., X. Shuai, M.L. Barnes, R.J. Alliss, R.J. Longman, T. Miura, Q. Chen, A.G. Frazier, R.G. Mudd, L. Cuo and A.D. Bushinger. 2014. Evapotranspiration of Hawai‘i. Final report submitted to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – District of Honolulu, and Water Resources Management Commission, State of Hawai'i.
The wettest months on the Big Island are between November and March, but winter rains rarely disrupt vacation plans. The weather here is very local, meaning you can find some sun nearby if it rains in your current location.
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So where are the wettest and driest places on the Big Island? The windward/east side of the island (Hilo) gets the most rain. As you can see on the map below, Hilo receives between 10 and 40 times more rain than the driest parts of the Big Island. These are the dry areas of the Waikoloa habitat, between Waimea and Kona, the summits and western slopes of Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea volcanoes, and the southern tip of the Big Island.
Average annual geographic rainfall for the island of Hawaii. Image credit: Frazier, A. G., Giambelluca, T. W., Diaz, H. F. and Needham, H. L. (2016), Comparison of displacement indices at monthly-annual intervals. rainfall for the Hawaiian Islands. Int. J. Climatol., 36(3), 1459-1470. doi: 10.1002/joc.4437
Wet/dry sampling continues month to month. November and March are the rainiest months, but the amount of rain in the summer months can be reduced to half of the maximum.
Average monthly rainfall for the Big Island. This animation was created using the following works: Giambelluca, T.W., X. Shuai, M.L. Barnes, R.J. Alliss, R.J. Longman, T. Miura, Q. Chen, A.G. Frazier, R.G. Mudd, L. Cuo and A.D. Bushinger. 2014. Evapotranspiration of Hawai‘i. Final report submitted to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – District of Honolulu, and Water Resources Management Commission, State of Hawai'i.
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Weather patterns in Hawaii are controlled by so-called trade winds. These winds blow from high altitudes in the North Pacific to pump cold, wet winds down to the east and northeast of the island. These winds are known as trade winds because of their stable and predictable patterns that allowed for long distance travel (trade) in the early 16th century. century.
On the island of Hawaii, the trade winds (blue arrow) blow the wave from its main source on the volcano (white arrow) to the southwest, where it is modeled by wind paths along the coast. of Kona. Here the sea breezes catch the day (onshore) and night (side) (double-headed arrows). In contrast, when the light "Kona" winds (red arrow) blow, most of the precipitation is concentrated on the eastern side of the island. Image credit: USGS
The trade winds in the Hawaiian Islands blow from the east and east between 250 and 300 days each year (source).
When the trade winds reach the mountains (mountains) of the Hawaiian Islands, the air rises. When that happens, the moisture in the air condenses and creates clouds and rain. In meteorological terms, the direction from which the wind comes is the wind or
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Therefore, the rain falls mainly on the high winds of the islands. Coastal areas in general, especially the south and west or the side, tend to be drier. This pattern is clearly seen in the rainfall patterns on the Big Island, shown in the images above. It also has a big impact on the climate zones of the Big Island. For example, you can find a humid tropical climate on the windward side, while the upper side of the Big Island has a dry climate zone.
A storm is a very strong storm. Any wind 12 and above on the Beaufort scale (wind speed equal to or greater than 64 knots or 74 mph) is called a hurricane. Depending on your geographic location, hurricanes are also called hurricanes or typhoons.
Hawaii's hurricane season falls between June and November, with almost all of the activity occurring from July to September. Fortunately, the Hawaiian Islands themselves rarely experience significant effects from these heat monsters that are more severe than heavy rains and large waves.
This is because the volcanoes on the Big Island act as a natural defense against hurricanes. Their high peaks affect the wind circulation and help break up, disperse, and weaken the storm as it moves up and over the Big Island.
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Depending on how close the storm is and whether or not the winds are strong enough, the Big Island can be designated a tropical storm or a tropical storm. When this happens, local shops and, for example, national parks can be closed for a few days. In extreme cases, flights may be delayed or rescheduled.
Four tropical cyclones head toward Hawaii on July 22, 2016. From left to right: Darby, Estelle, Eight-E (soon to be Georgette), and Frank. By National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, VIIRS, Captured by SNPP Satellite - Source, Public Domain, Link
If you would like to read more about past hurricanes that have affected the Hawaiian Islands since the 1950s, please see the following articles: Hawaii Hurricane History and Hurricane in Hawaii.
The timing depends on your own needs and circumstances, and there is no "one size fits all" answer to this question. Below we list some considerations that may be important to you.
Kailua Kona Monthly Average Weather (temperature, Rainfall)
On the Big Island, it won't be as crowded as O'ahu in high season, but prices can be higher when demand increases.
The temperature remains constant throughout the year and is always pleasant, but the amount of rain varies. The driest months are between May and October (excluding occasional storms).
If you want to escape the cold weather in the country, you should visit the winter months at home!
Finally, something people rarely think about is the length of the day. Days in June are ~2.5 hours longer than days in December. Especially if you are planning an active vacation, increasing the amount of daylight during your visit can add many hours of sunlight to your trip.
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Around Hilo and Puna. Most of the days on this side of the island will be a mix of sun, clouds and occasional rain showers.
Other areas of cloudy weather are central and southern Kona, the northern valleys including the Waipi'o Valley, and southern Pahala. The sunniest skies and best beaches can be found on the Kohala Coast.
You can find the annual average daylight hours for the Big Island on the map below. A value of 1 in the map means
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