Top It Services Companies In World 2021 - When it comes to the breakdown of the world's top 100 companies, the United States still has the biggest piece of the pie.
During the 20th century, and before globalization reached its current heights, American companies made the country an economic powerhouse and the source of most of the value of the global market.
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But even as countries like China prospered with their own multibillion-dollar companies and key market sectors changed, the US managed to stay on top.
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How are the world's top 100 companies ranked? This visualization is based on PvC's annual ranking of the world's largest companies using market capitalization data from May 2021.
The world's 100 largest companies have a whopping market capitalization of $31.7 trillion, but that wealth is not evenly distributed.
There is a wide range of market constraints between companies. For example, the difference between the world's largest company (Apple) and the 100th largest company (Anheuser-Busch) is $1.9 trillion.
And between countries this difference is even more pronounced. Of the 16 countries with companies ranked in the top 100, the US accounts for 65% of the total market capitalization.
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Compared to the US, in other once leading markets such as Japan, France and the UK, their share of the world's 100 largest companies has declined over the years. In fact, all of Europe represents just $3.46 trillion, or 11% of the list's total market value.
The main reason for the dominance of the US in market values is the change in important industries and contributions. Of the world's top 100 companies, 52% were founded in either technology or consumer discretionary, and currently the biggest players such as Apple, Alphabet, Tesla and Walmart are based in America.
With 14 of its own companies in the world's top 100 companies, China had $4.19 trillion or 13% of the total market capitalization value of the top 100. This includes two of the top 10 companies by market capitalization, Tencent and Alibaba.
Impressively, the growth in China's market value is not limited to well-known technology and consumer companies. The country's second largest industry contributing to the top 100 firms was finance, once the most valuable sector in the US (now 4th behind technology, consumer goods and healthcare).
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Other notable countries on the list include Saudi Arabia and its state-owned oil and gas giant Saudi Aramco, which is the third largest company in the world. Despite having only one company in the top 100, Saudi Arabia had the third largest share of the total market capitalization of the top 100.
As Europe loses ground year after year and the rest of Asia struggles to keep up, the top 100 companies may be increasingly concentrated only in the US and China. The question is, will the global market value imbalance begin to level out or will it become even greater?
The US and China account for half of the world's household wealth. The Shrinking Trillion Dollar Market Club Interactive: US Electric Car Charging Stations. Mapped by visualization of the world's largest iron ore producers. Mapped: The World's Most Populous Countries (1973 - 2023) Ranking: The World's Most Watched Cities
Market Rating: The World's 100 Largest Pension Funds The world's 100 largest pension funds have a combined value of more than $17 trillion. Which are the biggest and where are they located?
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Despite economic uncertainty, pension funds recorded relatively strong growth in 2021. The world's 100 largest pension funds have a combined value of more than $17 trillion, an increase of 8.5% compared to the previous year.
This graphic uses data from the Thinking Ahead Institute to rank and rank the world's largest pension funds.
A pension fund is a fund intended to provide income for retirement. This assessment includes four different types:
Data for US funds is as of September 30, 2021, and data for non-US funds is as of December 31, 2021. There are certain exceptions, as noted in the graphic footnotes.
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Japan's Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF) is the largest in the ranking for the 21st year in a row. The fund was at one time the largest owner of domestic stocks in Japan, although the Bank of Japan has since taken that title. Because of its enormous size, investors are closely watching the GPIF's moves. For example, the fund made headlines when it decided to start investing in startups because the move could attract other pensions to make similar investments.
America is home to 47 funds on the list, including the largest public sector fund: the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP), which is overseen by the Federal Retirement Savings Board. Because of his great financial influence, both political parties have been accused of using him as a political tool. Democrats have pushed for the sale of fossil fuel company assets, while Republicans have proposed blocking investment in Chinese-owned companies.
The Russian National Wealth Fund is in 19th place on the list. The fund is intended to support the public pension system and helps balance the budget as needed. As the Russian economy faces difficulties amid the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, the government has also used it as a rainy day fund. For example, Russia allocated $23 billion from a fund to replace foreign aircraft with domestic models, as Western sanctions made it difficult to obtain spare parts for foreign aircraft.
The largest pension funds can have a large impact on the market due to their size. Of course, they are also responsible for providing retirement income to millions of people. Pension funds face different challenges to achieve their goals:
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Some pension funds are turning to alternative assets, such as private equity, in a bid for greater diversification and higher returns. Of course, these investments can also carry greater risk.
The Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan, number 18 on the list, invested $95 million in the now-defunct cryptocurrency exchange FTKS. The plan invested through its growth venture capital platform to "gain small-scale exposure to emerging areas in the financial technology sector."
In this case, the investment failure is expected to have minimal impact as it was only 0.05% of the plan's net assets. However, it highlights the challenges that pension funds face in generating sufficient returns in different macroeconomic environments.
Markets Visualized: FTKS Balance Sheet Leaked This graphic shows the FTKS balance sheet leaked to the Financial Times as Sam Bankman-Fried with FTKS Cryptocurrency files for bankruptcy.
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In a rough year for the crypto space that was full of hacks, fund collapses, and decentralized stablecoins going down to zero, nothing matched the rapid implosion of FTKS and Sam Bankman-Fried (SBF).
After an astronomical rise in the crypto space over the past three years, crypto exchange FTKS and its founder and CEO SBF have crashed back to earth, largely brought down by their misappropriation of client funds and illicit relationship with trading firm Alameda Research.
This graphic shows FTKS's leaked November 10 balance sheet, which was published by the Financial Times on November 12. The chart shows nearly $9 billion in liabilities and not nearly enough illiquid cryptocurrency to cover the hole.
The potential bankruptcy of FTKS was sparked by a November 2 CoinDesk report citing Alameda Research's balance sheet. The article states that Alameda's assets are $14.6 billion, including $3.66 billion in unlocked FTT and $2.16 billion in FTT collateral.
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With more than one-third of Alameda's assets tied to the FTT token exchange FTKS (including token-backed loans), the crypto community raised eyebrows.
Four days later, on Nov. 6, Alameda Research CEO Caroline Ellison and Sam Bankman-Fried dismissed the CoinDesk story as unfounded rumors. However, on the same day, Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao (CZ) announced that Binance had decided to eliminate all remaining FTT on its books, causing the FTT token to fall by -7.6% on the day.
While Ellison publicly offered to buy CZ FTT outright “over the counter” to avoid further price drops, and SBF claimed in a now-deleted tweet that “FTKS is fine. The property is fine.” FTKS users withdrew their funds from the exchange.
Less than 24 hours later, on November 7th, both SBF and CZ tweeted that Binance had signed a non-binding letter of intent to purchase FTKS, pending due diligence.
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The next day, the acquisition fell apart as Binance cited corporate due diligence, leaving SBF to face a multi-pronged liquidity crisis from users withdrawing funds and a rapid drop in token prices that made up a large amount of FTKS and Alameda's assets and loan collateral.
In the final days before filing for bankruptcy, FTKS CEO Sam Bankman-Fried tried to finally raise funds to restore stability as billions of user funds were withdrawn from his exchange.
The balance sheet he sent to potential investors was leaked by the Financial Times and reveals the stock had nearly $9 billion in liabilities, with just over $1 billion in liquid assets. In addition to liquid assets, $5.4 billion of assets are designated as "less liquid" and $3.2 billion as "illiquid."
Examining the said assets, it appears that FTKS accounting is at best poorly managed and at worst fraudulent.
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Of these "less liquid" assets, many of the largest amounts were in assets such as FTX's own exchange token and the Solana ecosystem's cryptocurrencies, which were
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