Apply For Low Income Housing In Chicago - In late July, the Trump administration said it would repeal an Obama-era law to combat housing segregation. It wasn't too difficult to figure out which group of voters President Donald Trump was trying to reach with this move.
"I am pleased to inform all people living their suburban lifestyle dream that you will no longer be inconvenienced or financially harmed by substandard housing in your area," the president wrote on July 29.
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In a direct appeal to "urban housewives," Trump said the arrival of low-income housing would free city dwellers from the broken family structures and crime that naturally occur. To his supporters, the president was undoing another extreme Obama-era law. To his critics, he was also blowing racist dog whistles, promoting dangerous and inaccurate ideas about low-income housing.
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"It's scary. You're taking us back 50 years by using those words," says Mary Ellen Ball, CEO of Open Communities, an Evanston-based housing nonprofit.
Whether Trump's move will help or hurt him in suburban Chicago in November. 3, many of which highlight the tension with affordable housing. Affordable housing proposals have faced stiff opposition in recent years in Deerfield and Wilmette, and many cities have not met state standards established in 2003 to force them to increase the number of affordable housing units in their villages.
But housing advocates are encouraged that a small but growing number of cities, including Northbrook and Naperville, are exploring ways to encourage the construction of affordable housing. The most popular solution: inclusionary zoning, or requiring developers to set aside a certain percentage of units in new housing projects for people below a certain income level.
"Many urban women who think (Trump) is conservative are looking for affordable housing in their communities," said Richard Koenig, executive director of the Housing Opportunity Development Corporation, a New York-based nonprofit. Northbrook builds projects in Deerfield. and Wilmette. . "They don't think it's a bad idea."
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Urban attitudes toward low-income or affordable housing date back to the 1950s, when white flight transformed urban America and exacerbated racial segregation in major metro areas. At the time, before President Lyndon Johnson signed the Fair Housing Act, many white neighbors made it clear that African Americans were not welcome in their communities.
In 1959, a group of Deerfield residents voiced their strong opposition—and ultimately lost—to a developer's proposal to build an integrated subdivision in an all-white northern town. The fight caught the attention of the national media and even former First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt. He moved to Deerfield and named it the "Little Rock of Housing."
When Northbrook-based Koenig and Brinshore Development proposed its 48-unit low-income apartment project in 2015, thoughts of that controversy resonated with the city. The project, located at Zion Lutheran Evangelical Church, met with strong opposition from residents. Opponents predicted it would lower property values, snarl traffic and worsen flooding and school congestion. Another worries about an "overcrowding of aid recipients."
But they did not stop it. The village board is set to vote on the revised proposal — now only 25 units — at its Nov. 2 meeting. Koenig plans to start construction on the development, called Zion Woods, early next year, but a lawsuit from Deerfield Residents for Responsible Zoning, an opposition group, could stop that. The group's attorney, Chris Canning, did not return phone calls, but explained his position in a 2018 letter to the Illinois Housing Development Authority.
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In North Wilmette, two developers are also awaiting approval to break ground on Cleland Place, a 16-unit low-income development they proposed five years ago. Apartments in the project will rent for $600 to $800 per month to tenants with annual incomes below $40,000.
Opponents of the development tried to get neighbors on their side in 2015 by offering flights to Metra station riders and Halloween trick-or-treaters, Koenig said. They offered similar opposition to the promoted in Deerfield, according to a playbook Koenig knew well.
"Number one is always property value, number two is always traffic," he says, after concerns about overcrowding and the project's impact on schools. "There's a sense that it's going to turn into rough houses and poorly maintained houses. It's going to collapse."
Housing advocates like Koenig believe that race remains the primary overarching factor fueling opposition to low-income projects in affluent white cities. The term "affordable housing" also comes with a lot of baggage, conjuring up images of large, drug-filled projects like Chicago's Cabrini-Greene Homes.
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"Part of the problem is misconceptions," says Richard Monocchio, executive director of the Housing Authority of Cook County. "There's a big stigma about poor people and housing programs."
However, many white-collar communities welcome the idea of affordable housing, as long as it's not too close to where they live.
"It's one thing when you create a plan," says Tom Poupard, director of planning and development services for the city of Northbrook. "Putting it in someone's yard is something else."
Affordable housing could be coming to Northbrook, which is in the final stages of getting approval for an inclusionary law. Proposed rules vary, but housing developers generally have to set aside 15 percent of units in a new project for residents who meet income criteria.
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Poupard attributes the city's new commitment to affordable housing to an interest in promoting social justice and community equity following events including the 2017 community meeting. white Charlottesville, Va.
Developers dislike inclusive area codes because they tend to make projects unprofitable and discourage development. But many urban areas are embracing the idea. Naperville is evaluating eight proposals to increase its supply of affordable housing, including an inclusionary zoning ordinance. Deerfield is also considering inclusionary area zoning as part of a comprehensive plan for affordable housing. Lake Forest and Highland Park, two of the wealthiest areas in the region, have incorporated zoning ordinances over the years.
However, many affluent, predominantly white areas still lack affordable housing. According to the Illinois Housing Development Authority, affordable housing represented less than 10 percent of the total housing stock in 48 of Chicago's 269 suburbs in 2018. Deerfield was 7.3%, Northbrook was 5.7% and Wilmette was 4.5%. Under a 2003 state law, local municipalities with less than 10 percent must submit plans with the state to achieve them.
The definition of affordability varies by apartment size: A one-bedroom apartment in the Chicago area is considered rentable for $952 or less per month, while a four-bedroom apartment is $1,475 or less.
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Despite President Trump's tweets about coming to bail out the city, fair housing laws pushed by the Obama administration did not force cities to build low-income housing. The law, enacted in 2015, allowed the Department of Housing and Urban Development to withhold funding from local authorities that did not do enough to develop proper housing plans. Conservatives denounced it as social engineering.
"It would give the federal government the power to judge localities if they're not diverse enough based on how the federal defines diversity," said Ryan Streeter, director of local policy studies at the American Enterprise Center, a conservative think tank. Recently. July. "This is part of the left's long-term plan to make cities more cities, or to punish them for contributing to urban problems."
But the law created a stake, forcing local governments to work with fair housing advocates to develop plans to reduce discrimination and strengthen inclusion in their communities, says Patricia Fron, co-director of the Fair Housing Coalition of the Chicago Area. Trump has taken up that baton.
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The Better Housing Foundation, based in Ohio, said it offers safe apartments. It will help employers find jobs and health care. And it could not be removed "merely on the ground that the tenant is unable to pay the rent".
Starting in early 2016, with little testing, two federal agencies helped nonprofits borrow tens of millions of dollars at low interest rates and take out hundreds of thousands of dollars in loans. the side
But a Tribune investigation found many residents are left to live in crumbling buildings. The non-profit organization does not provide its public services. And the charity is always suing for the arrears of rent. Meanwhile, property managers, lawyers and others are paid millions of dollars.
The effects can be seen in one of the nonprofit's largest buildings, a modern high-rise not far from the South Shore Cultural Center. Village Inspectors
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