Hiv And Aids Are Same - The HIV virus is the weakened virus, which is the virus that causes HIV. The abbreviation "HIV" can refer to the virus or HIV infection.
HIV attacks and destroys infection-fighting CD4 cells (CD4 T lymphocytes). Lack of CD4 cells makes it difficult for the body to fight infections and other diseases. Without treatment, HIV can slowly destroy the immune system and HIV infection can progress to AIDS.
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The transmission of the HIV virus from one person to another is called HIV. HIV is only spread through some body fluids of an HIV infected person. These body fluids are:
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HIV infection can only occur through contact with body fluids that are infected with HIV. In the United States, HIV is spread through:
Transmission of HIV from an HIV-positive woman to her baby during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding is called maternal HIV transmission. For more information, read the fact sheet on HIV Prevention.
You cannot get HIV by shaking hands or hugging someone who has HIV. You cannot get HIV from things like bowls, toilet seats or doors that are used by an HIV positive person. HIV is not spread by air or water, or by mosquitoes, ticks, or other blood-sucking insects. Use information you can safely share... With someone living with HIV to spread this message.
To reduce the risk of HIV infection, use condoms correctly every time you have sex, limit the number of sexual partners you have, and do not share injection equipment.
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Also, talk to your healthcare provider about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). PrEP is an HIV prevention option for people who do not have HIV but are at risk of HIV infection. PrEP involves taking a specific HIV drug every day. For more information, read the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) fact sheet.
Antiretroviral drugs, given to HIV-positive women during pregnancy and childbirth and to babies after birth, reduce the risk of HIV transmission to babies. Also, because HIV can be transmitted through breast milk, HIV-positive women in the United States should not breastfeed their babies. Infant formula is a safe alternative to breast milk and is widely available in the United States.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the use of HIV drugs to treat HIV infection. People taking ART take a combination of HIV drugs every day (called an HIV treatment regimen).
ART is recommended for everyone with HIV. ARTA prevents HIV from multiplying, which reduces the amount of HIV in the body (called viral load). Having low levels of HIV protects the immune system and prevents HIV infection from progressing to AIDS. ART cannot cure HIV, but HIV drugs help people living with HIV to live longer and healthier lives.
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ART also reduces the risk of HIV transmission. The main goal of ART is to reduce a person's viral load to an undetectable level. An undetectable virus means that the level of HIV in the blood is too low to be detected by a viral load test. People with HIV who maintain an undetectable viral load are not at risk of sexually transmitting HIV to their HIV-positive partner.
Within 2 to 4 weeks of becoming infected with HIV, some people may have flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, or a rash. Symptoms may last for days or weeks. Other symptoms of HIV include night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes and mouth ulcers. Having these symptoms does not mean you have HIV. Other diseases can cause similar symptoms. Some people will not feel sick in the early stages of HIV infection (called acute HIV infection). In this early stage of HIV infection, the virus multiplies rapidly. After the initial stage of infection, HIV continues to develop but at low levels.
The more severe symptoms of HIV infection, such as a severely compromised immune system and associated symptoms, generally do not appear for many years until HIV progresses to AIDS. People with HIV have damaged immune systems that make them more susceptible to opportunistic infections. (Opportunistic diseases are infections and diseases related to infection that occur more frequently or are more severe in people with weakened immune systems than in people with strong immune systems.)
Without antiretroviral therapy, HIV infection usually progresses to AIDS within 10 years or more, although it can progress more quickly in some people.
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HIV can be transmitted at any stage of HIV infection, even if a person with HIV has no symptoms of HIV.
Symptoms such as fever, weakness, and weight loss may be signs that a person's HIV has progressed to AIDS. However, the diagnosis of HIV is based on the following criteria:
Although the diagnosis of HIV indicates serious damage to the immune system, HIV drugs can help people at this stage of HIV infection. Before sharing important information, make sure you are on a federal government website.
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People may talk about HIV and AIDS as if they are the same thing, but they are not. HIV is a virus that infects a person. With treatment, women living with HIV can live long and otherwise healthy lives. AIDS is the last stage of HIV infection, when the immune system is destroyed.
I-Immunodeficiency: this virus weakens the immune system and makes the body's defense against bacteria, viruses or other pathogens difficult.
V — Virus: it is a small particle that causes disease, which takes other organisms to grow and spread.
The immune system cannot fight HIV on its own. He needs medical help to fight HIV. Without treatment, AIDS wreaks havoc and eventually causes serious damage to the immune system. Currently, HIV is progressing to AIDS.
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AIDS is a progressive form of HIV infection when the body's immune system is damaged. There are very few immune cells (white blood cells) that cannot fight serious infections and some types of cancer. People with HIV are often sick and need treatment to prevent death.
A - Acquired: The disease occurs after contracting HIV from another person's body fluids, usually blood or sexual fluids, such as semen. HIV can also be transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and breastfeeding. But it is not a genetic disease (transmitted between families).
I-Immune: affects the cells and organs of the immune system (the body's system that fights disease).
D — Deficiency: the immune system does not work properly, putting you at risk of contracting certain diseases and cancers.
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You cannot rely on symptoms to know if you have HIV. The only way to know for sure is to get tested.4 Some people develop flu-like symptoms two to four weeks after infection, but most people with HIV do not. If you think you may have HIV, get tested. Getting tested is the only way to know for sure if you have HIV.
Without treatment, HIV-positive women will develop symptoms of HIV within five to ten years after contracting HIV. Women who receive treatment and manage their HIV infection can delay the progression of AIDS for years.
How long you have HIV before you develop AIDS depends on things you can control and things you can't:
Only a doctor can diagnose AIDS. You have HIV if you have HIV and one or more of the following have happened:
Hiv And Aids Notes Worksheet
No Today, new and effective drugs allow people living with HIV to live longer and healthier lives.
If you have HIV, you can have a near-normal life expectancy if you get medical care and HIV treatment, take your medications as directed by your doctor, and keep your viral load under control.
How early you start treatment has a direct impact on your life expectancy. So, for example, a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with HIV at the beginning of her infection can expect to live 80 years or more if she takes her medication every day, reducing the number of HIV cells. (Viral load) is undetectable. blood, and receives regular medical attention.5, 6
People with HIV who receive treatment and have an undetectable viral load also have a lower risk of transmitting HIV to their partners.
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All material on these pages is copyright free and may be copied, reproduced, or duplicated without permission from the Office of Women's Health, US Department of Health and Human Services. Citation of the source is appreciated. Learning about HIV can help you stay healthy and prevent the spread of HIV. You can also download materials to share or watch videos on basic HIV information.
To learn more about the history of HIV and the response to the epidemic in the United States, see the HIV and AIDS timeline.
The only way to know if you have HIV is to get tested. Knowing your HIV status helps you stay healthy
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