How To Grow St Augustine Grass - ) grows best in the warm season (80 to 95°F) of spring, summer and early fall. It grows well at this time and turns brown and sleeps during the winter. It is considered normal in the area of the coast of the Gulf of Mexico and the coast of the Mediterranean.
This grass has large stems and broad leaves similar to centipedegrass. It has an attractive blue-green color and produces deep soil. It spreads to long workers, in the ground or stolons. Although messy, it is easily managed around the edges. It is planted in the vegetative way, with sod, sprigs or plugs.
How To Grow St Augustine Grass
St Augustinegrass is the most shade-tolerant summer grass, although it still needs 4 to 6 hours of sun to thrive. It is vulnerable to winter injury, especially if planted west of the Columbia. Winter injuries were also noted in coastal areas of northern South Carolina. Although susceptible to winter injury, it is suitable for coastal areas and has tolerance to salt.
St. Augustinegrass: How To Grow And Care For It
Augustinegrass is considered a high maintenance turfgrass. In sandy soil, you can expect to fertilize every month during the growing season by applying fertilizer every 6 weeks in clay soil. See 1201, Fertilizing Lawns for specific recommendations. Additional application of iron and micronutrients should be in soils with high pH or alkaline.
St. Augustine grass should be cut at the recommended cutting height or at a height where the plant head is not a problem. Order St. Augustine grass short will make the grass and make it too thin. Cutting the grass too high will cause weed and disease problems because the grass on the lower lawn will stay wet. A lawnmower can be used but should be cleaned every month to maintain a healthy lawn. If the tips of the grass seem to break after mowing against cutting, it is time to sharpen your mower blade.
Augustinegrass needs to be watered like any other grass. When watering, use ¾ to 1 inch of water. Allow the turf to dry thoroughly before watering again. Localized dry areas can be watered manually as needed. Automatic irrigation systems must be manually set and work as needed as long as there is someone to take care of the grass.
Perhaps the biggest problem with this grass is its sensitivity to insects, chinch bugs. Chinch bugs can cause serious damage to St. Augustinegrass is not controlled early. There are many plants developed at St. Augustinegrass is also susceptible to many grass diseases including large patch and gray leaf spot. All pest and disease problems can be effectively managed by following recommended and effective pest management practices. For more information on disease management, please see 2150, Brown Patch & Large Patch Diseases of Lawns and 2151, Gray Leaf Spot of St. Augustinegrass.
Common St. Augustinegrass Pests
Plant management is also a challenge when growing St. Augustine grass. Controlling weeds with herbicides can be difficult because the choice of herbicides is limited. This makes weed control limited to pre-emergence herbicide programs. Broadleaf weed control is a little easier with one of these weed control solutions. The limitations of this medicine are summer heat (> 90 ºF), and winter green sensitivity. Please see 2310, Weed Control in Summer Lawns, for specific weed control sheets.
There are many types of St. Augustinegrass found in South Carolina. The difference between many improved varieties is their ability to protect against pests, to protect against environmental stress, control of materials and growth characteristics.
The plants below are arranged according to their cutting height. As a general rule, regular seedlings should be cut at 3 to 4 inches long and young plants should be cut at about 2½ inches. Use the high cutting height in the shade and stress and the low height in the full sun in the growing light.
Common plants of St. Augustinegrass is Raleigh, Palmetto, Mercedes, Bitterblue, Floratam, and Jade. The smallest plant of St. Augustinegrass includes Captiva, Delmar Seville and Sapphire. Some plants are commonly grown in South Carolina, but others can be found more easily.
St. Augustine Lawn Advice To Take Care Of Root Rot
Floratam is an improved variety of St Augustinegrass with red stolons (runs). It has a very soft texture and is not good for cold and shade. It will be thinner in direct relation to the amount of shade received. Its winter and early spring colors are more subdued as it enters a more semi-dormant period and leaves its leaves more than anything else. Spring green-up is relatively slow. Floratam is one of the plants that like to grow in open sunny areas.
Raleigh is a type of cold that can be grown in most of South Carolina. It has a medium green color and rough texture. As with most St. John's wort plant. Augustinegrass, can be attacked by insects and brown disease. During the hot summer, Raleigh is seen to be yellow and not as contagious as during the cold season. Iron supplementation is needed to reduce yellowing here, especially in soils with a high pH or alkaline. Raleigh is best suited to heavy, organic, clay soils with medium to low pH soils, although adequate drainage is required to prevent disease.
Palmetto St. Augustinegrass was established in the mid-1990s in central Florida. It is sometimes considered a semi-dwarf variety with short growth and short internode length. It tolerates light shade but will wilt in heavy shade and is not resistant to St. John's wort. Augustinegrass.
Mercedes is a new variety that has better leaves than other St. Augustinegrass. It has good resistance to cold and good shade.
Palmetto St. Augustine®
Bitterblue is a better option than St. Augustinegrass that was chosen for its beautiful leaves, dark blue-green color and better overall density. It has a tolerance of cold and shade. It is the cause of many insect problems and is resistant to some pesticides that are used for St. Augustine grass.
Jade has good shade, semi-dwarf growth habit and deep green color. It is susceptible to beetles, sod worms and brown spot disease and sensitive to cold.
Captiva is also a new plant developed by the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station. It is one of the slow growing plants of St. Augustinegrass is light-green with short, thin leaves. Captiva shows better resistance to the southern chinch bug than others, but it is not resistant. As with most dwarf varieties, Captiva does better in shade than the standard type.
Delmar is another type of caterpillar with short growth and short internode length. It has a dark green color and is more cold hardy than most varieties. Delmar is affected by bugs, insects and giant bugs.
There's No Such Thing As St. Augustine Grass Seed!
Sapphire has a classic blue-green color with folded leaves giving it a beautiful appearance. Suffering from pest problems on St Augustinegrass.
Seville is also a type of caterpillar that was chosen for its beautiful leaves. It can maintain a low cutting height due to its growth habit. Seville suffered from the many pests of St. Augustinegrass. It is also a type of deep plant that has the problem of grass. Seville is also sensitive to cold.
This information is provided with the understanding that no exclusion and no endorsement of the trade names or trademarks registered by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, and is not is an exception to the elimination of products or companies regardless. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other locations. Use pesticides only according to the instructions on the label. All pesticide application recommendations are for South Carolina only and are valid at the time of publication, but labeling and application forms are subject to change as determined by the state and government agencies. Follow all instructions, precautions and restrictions listed.
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The Grass Patch Sells Raleigh St. Augustine
To St. Augustine grass spreads quickly and continues to grow, plant sod in early summer in well-drained soil with a pH of 5.0 - 8.5. Apply phosphorus fertilizer to fast growing roots and water lightly twice a day for the first 14 days. Cut your new sod on top to allow the stolons to spread easily.
After leaving St. Augustine
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