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October 17, 2022 ELA PD - Literacy, ELA K-5, ELA Focus - Reading, ELA 6-8, ELA Resources - Tip Sheets, Basic Literacy
Reading Enrichment Activities For Elementary Students
Differentiation has been a buzzword in education for years. As a reading and writing specialist, this is an important part of my job. Differentiation is how a teacher adapts instruction to meet the specific learning needs of an individual or group of students. This means meeting the needs of all students through differentiated teaching ideas. In this article, we explore differentiated instruction in the classroom and ways to incorporate it into lessons. Also available for download is a tip sheet with 13 ideas for teaching differentiated reading in primary school. Differentiated teaching in the classroom Differentiation can be applied to: instructional approach, subject and/or learning environment. Differentiated lesson plans are based on learning styles and include a variety of modalities to reach all students. Under differentiated student work, students can work independently towards a personally adapted goal or in small, flexible groups based on interest, subject or ability. There are endless ways to incorporate differentiation into your classroom! Along with instructions… Be sure to not only verbally explain the topic or idea you are instructing, but also have a visual. You can create an anchor diagram to use as a reference guide or draw a picture/table/chart/graph to promote clearer understanding. If necessary, play a video clip on the smart board (this is a surefire way to engage students). Remember to always repeat what you learn with different explanations. Also, use background knowledge so students can build on and teach vocabulary words that may be unfamiliar to your students. With a theme... Hold conferences with students to find out what they want to know more about. Use polls to engage student interests whenever possible. When students are interested in the subject, they are more likely to retain what you teach them. Use inquiry-based learning to allow students to explore areas of interest. On-demand learning is also perfect for work-in-progress! With the environment... There are many things you can do to design a classroom that is conducive to learning for all students. Some examples include preferred seating and seating that allows for movement, collaboration or working in small groups. Anchor charts should be displayed for students to see. Graphic organizers and resource guides should be readily available to students when needed. Students should have access to technology for many reasons. An important cause is research, of course, but for me as a literacy specialist, helping to improve a student's reading is a very close second. There are many online resources that support students with language skills, comprehension and vocabulary using leveled texts with accompanying reading exercises. You can also differentiate by ability! Differentiated instructional ideas based on different learners for struggling learners... Follow your instructions with clear and concise explanations using visuals. Then practice the strategy with your students. Then let the students try it out on their own. Provide a variety of graphic organizers to help focus their thoughts. This method of scaffolding instruction is known as the I, We, You method. Be sure to provide these students with self-monitoring and improvement strategies to give them more independence when working alone. For average students... Provide opportunities for work in small groups or partnerships (hearing the ideas of peers often inspires students, and being part of a group can motivate students to contribute to the best of their ability). These are the students you want to challenge as well, so offer enrichment activities when they are ready. For example, when reading, a good additional activity is to write about the end of the book or write about what you want to discuss with the main character or the author. For above average students... Raise the bar with challenging/enriching activities (downloads of the Making Thinking Visible activity that encourages students to think more deeply about a topic or text is a great resource). Extract questions from DOK levels 3 and 4 for these students. Using Assessments to Guide Differentiation Personally, I have found that the best way to differentiate for my students is to use assessments in teaching. Pupils must be assessed to gather information about how much knowledge and skills they have acquired (assessment as a measurement tool). The pupils must also be assessed to assess the pupil's learning level (assessment as an assessment tool). There are two main types of assessment: formative and summative. Formative assessments are assessments for learning and include journal-keeping, debriefing, observation, self-assessment, portfolio, etc. Summative assessments are assessments of learning and include unit assessments, standardized assessments, folders etc. Student assessment is crucial for differentiation because it... provides insight into individual readers provides summaries of students' learning provides information about students' learning progress diagnoses individual learning strengths and weaknesses direction for further learning assists in goal setting highly targeted teaching I find the best way to differentiate for my students personal goals are set at regular intervals with each student based on formative and/or summative assessment data. I use a variety of assessments with my students to help them set these goals. Below are some resources that may be helpful in assessing individual students. Revised Bloom's Taxonomy Reading Conference Forms Reading Survey for Students Ideas for Differentiated Reading Instruction in Elementary School 1. Have students read books at their own level. Level the classroom library to help students find appropriate books for independent reading. Color coordinating the shelves is an easy way for students to find books that match their reading ability. 2. Provide different levels of after-hours support. Create a "teacher station" or "hub" and meet with your struggling students to give them extra support and guidance. Have grade level students work in small groups to complete the assignment. Invite above average students to complete the same task in pairs or alone. 3. Differentiate text tasks. After the students have read (or listened to) the same text, you change the follow-up exercises. For example, after reading aloud, ask struggling students to create a simple chat. Have students answer questions about main ideas and details. Have students who are above average retell the story from a character's point of view. 4. Scaffold instruction by giving clear and distinct explanations with visual materials. Verbally and visually explain the topic or idea you are teaching. Use anchor charts, drawings, diagrams, and tutorials to better understand the topic you are reading or teaching. If necessary, play a video clip for students to watch. For nine more differentiated reading prompts, download my What Does Differentiation Look Like? Advice page now. Summary Differentiation is how a teacher adapts teaching to meet the specific learning needs of an individual student or group of students. This means that the instructor meets the needs of all students through differentiated instructional ideas and methods. Differentiation can be used when it comes to instructional approach, subject and/or learning environment. One of the main approaches to differentiation is individualized goal setting based on assessment data. Use formative and summative assessment data to differentiate instruction for individuals or small groups of students. Retelling is one of the first reading skills I focus on with my students. We spend a lot of time during the year drawing, writing and orally retelling the events of the story. We practice with fiction books and we practice with informational text. We practice in whole group, small group and one-to-one conferences. We tell stories together with partners and we tell stories independently. Retelling is also an important consideration for our report cards, standards and readers for DRA and leveling. So it makes sense that we as teachers collaborate and discuss how we can help our young readers understand the important literacy of retelling.
Pdf) The Effects Of Differentiated Instruction And Enrichment Pedagogy On Reading Achievement In Five Elementary Schools
Retelling is an important foundational skill for young readers. This promotes understanding of the story and helps students develop expressive vocabulary. When students can retell a story, they activate their thinking, visualization and even imagination. They also develop sequencing skills as they try to explain and retell the events of the story in the order they were read. Students who can read a text and retell a story understand print concepts and story plots. Not to mention, as adults and lifelong readers, we use the ability to retell all the time! Think of a book you recently read for personal enjoyment. You enjoyed the book and can't wait to share it with others, right? Then someone asks you, “What's going on
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