Top 100 International Law Schools - The University of Chicago School of Law is the law school of the University of Chicago, a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. It is consistently ranked among the best law schools in the world, and has many outstanding students in the fields of justice, academia, government, politics and business. It employs more than 180 full-time and part-time faculty and hosts more than 600 students in its Juris Doctor program, and offers LL.M., LL.M., and Juris Doctor degrees.
It is consistently ranked among the most prestigious law schools in the world and has distinguished alumni in the judiciary, academia, government, politics and business.
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The law school was founded in the 1890s by the president of the University of Chicago, William Rainey Harper. Harper and the law school's first dean, Joseph Hry Beal, designed the school's curriculum inspired by Ernst Freund's interdisciplinary approach to legal education.
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The construction of the school was funded by John D. Rockefeller, and the foundation stone was laid by the President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt. This law school started classes in 1902. Since our inception, law school professors have taught students using the Socratic method, which has become the leading law school teaching method in both academic and academic settings.
During the 1930s, the nature of the law school's academic diversity was also shaped by legal and economic movements. Economists Aaron Director and Henry Calvert Simmons taught courses integrated into the antitrust curriculum taught by government official Edward H. Levy, which led to the development of the Chicago School of Economics and the Chicago School approach to antitrust law.
The law school grew rapidly in the 1950s under Levy's leadership, and in the 1970s and 1980s, many social science scholars were attracted to the school's impact on law and economics, including Nobel laureates Ronald Coase and Gary Becker and the widely cited legal scholar. 20th century, Richard A. Posner.
Longtime members of the law school's faculty include Cass Sunstein and Richard Epstein, two of the most cited jurists of the early 21st century, the 44th US President Barack Obama, and US Supreme Court Justices Antonin Scalia, John Paul Steves and Ella Kagan.
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The law school publication, the University of Chicago Law Review, is among the top five most cited law reviews in the world.
Students edit three other independent law journals, and three other faculty-directed journals. The law school was originally housed in Stewart Hall, a Gothic-style limestone building in the main campus quadrangle. Since 1959, it has been housed in a building designed by Eero Saarin across the Midway Plaisance from the University of Chicago's main campus. The building was expanded in 1987 and again in 1998. It was renovated in 2008, keeping much of the original Saarin building.
When the University of Chicago was founded in 1892, its president, William Rainey Harper, expressed his desire to establish a university law school that would promote democratic government.
At the time, Harper noted that "[t]he democracy has not yet found a way to ensure that the regulation of state business is very powerful."
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Harper took advice from many of his contemporaries. One such advisor, a professor at the University of Cambridge, suggested that the aim of this new law school should be to train students to be "arts and decorum leaders, inspirational teachers, scholarly writers and intelligent reformers" and emphasize public law and comparative law. .
Another consultant, a member of the Chicago bar, suggested that the Harvard Law School, led by Christopher Columbus Langdell and influenced by the casebook method at the time, had "lost contact with the great leaders among lawyers and lawyers" and that the new law school. in Chicago should focus on "social economy" or "principles of statehood" for lawyers.
Renowned jurist Ernst Freund suggested that law schools promote an interdisciplinary approach to legal education, offering electives in subjects such as history and political science.
Finally, Harper settled on the idea that the study of law should not take place in a vacuum, and that it should be considered "the whole human sphere as a social being".
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In 1901, Harper announced that a new law school would be established the following year. He enlisted the help of the faculty of Harvard Law School, whose dean at the time, James Barr Ames, gave Professor Joseph Hria Beale a two-year leave to serve as the first dean of the Chicago law school. He did this on the condition that Chicago "have the same ideas and methods [as] Harvard Law School."
However, Ames opposed the proposed curriculum, which featured close ties to the university's social science departments and courses not found in the traditional first-year law school curriculum. He stressed that the faculty includes "only people who teach law in the strict sense of the word" and use the casebook method.
Harper agreed to these terms and together with Beale they assembled the faculty and designed the curriculum. Harper built on the understanding he had gained with Ames and hired Freund to teach property law, and the law school's curriculum was influenced by Freund's interdisciplinary approach. The founding faculty members were Blevett Harrison Lee and Julian Mack, both of whom taught at Northwestern University's law school; James Parker Hall, who taught at Stanford Law School and turned down an offer to teach at Harvard Law School; Clarke Butler Whittier, who also taught at Stanford; Harry A. Bigelow, a distinguished scholar at Boston University who recognized the limitations of the casebook method;
On October 1, 1902, the Faculty of Law began classes in the University Press building (currently the Library Building). John D. Rockefeller paid the $250,000 construction cost, and President Theodore Roosevelt laid the cornerstone.
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When it was opened, the Faculty of Law had 78 students (76 men and two women). It offered courses in contract law, lawsuits, criminal law, property law, representation and representation, and electives in administrative law, corporate law, jurisdiction, Roman law, international law and legal principles.
And it was only one in five law schools in the US that required applicants to have a college degree as a prerequisite for admission.
His library, established in a short time, contained about 18,000 volumes of legal reports. In 1903, a year after the law school opened, the law school's enrollment grew rapidly as its student body swelled to 126. Floyd R. Mechem, a professor at the University of Michigan Law School and a pioneer in legal studies at the time, joined the faculty and remained at the law school for 25 years until his death in 1928.
President Theodore Roosevelt laid the law school's cornerstone on April 2, 1903, after receiving an LL.D.
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The law school flourished in its early years and cultivated relationships with scholars from other fields, including economics, political science, psychology, and history.
He also developed connections with members of the Chicago Bar Association, who served as part-time faculty members and taught legal procedures and other practical courses. The law school's academic standards were recognized as equal to those of Harvard.
In 1904, the law school moved to Stewart Hall on the university's main campus. That same year, Sophonisba Breckinridge became the first woman to graduate from law school—a feat never accomplished at Yale Law School, Columbia Law School, or Harvard. In his autobiography, Breckinridge noted that "the fact that the law school, like the rest of the university ... admits female students and female students equally, was publicly settled."
The law school underwent significant changes in the years leading up to and shortly after World War I. Beale returned to Harvard after a two-year absence. In 1909, prominent lawyer Roscoe Pound taught at the law school for a year.
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In 1911, the Law School established a chapter of the Order of the Coif and the Edward W. Court of Justice program. Hinton in 1914. During World War I, the number of students decreased: in the spring of 1917, 241 students were selected; this number dropped to 46 in the fall of 1918. In 1920, Earl B. Dickerson became the first African-American to graduate from law school. The law school's Black Love Studs Association is named in his honor.
After the war, in 1926, the rollmt reached 500 students for the first time. In 1927, the law school began offering its first seminars. The longest-tenured dean, James Parker Hall, who was instrumental in recruiting a number of distinguished faculty members to the law school, died in office in 1928.
In the 1930s, a new professor, Harry A. Bigelow built on the interdisciplinary foundations laid by Freud and introduced classes in accounting, economics, and psychology. The curriculum of the Faculty of Law is built under the influence of law and economics. Director Aaron and Chris Simmons began offering economics courses in 1933.
Faculty member Edward Levy also introduces economics to the antitrust course, allowing the director to teach one out of five class sessions.
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